Java加密算法

2020年11月21日 78点热度 0条评论 来源: OverZeal

JDK中带有部分加密算法的实现类,主要的是java.security和javax.crypto包下的类,还可以使用Bouncy Castle(丰富JDK中加密算法的不足)jar包是:bcprov-jdk15on-1.57.jar和Commons Codec(简化JDK中加密的操作)jar包是:commons-codec-1.10.jar

Base64

Base64用于网络中传输的数据进行编码,严格意义上属于编码的格式,有64个字符的对应的编码,Base64就是将内容按照该格式进行编码。可以对数据编码和解码,是可逆的,安全度较低,不过,也可以作为最基础最简单的加密算法用于加密要求较弱的情况

Base64可以使用JDk中自带的类实现,还可以使用Bouncy Castle(简称bc)或Commons Codec(简称cc)实现

加密数据:

private static String src="Hello Base64";

导入的类:

import java.io.IOException;

import org.apache.commons.codec.binary.Base64;

import sun.misc.BASE64Decoder;
import sun.misc.BASE64Encoder;

JDk实现主要使用用BASE64Encoder和BASE64Decoder类的方法(注意在Eclipse中使用JDK的Base64可能会出现找不到的问题,是因为Base64Encoder并不属于JDK标准库范畴,但是又包含在了JDK中,需要我们手动导入\jre\lib目录下的rt.jar包即可):

    public static void jdkBase64(){
        try {
            BASE64Encoder encoder=new BASE64Encoder();
            String encode = encoder.encode(src.getBytes());
            System.out.println("encode: "+encode);
            
            BASE64Decoder decoder=new BASE64Decoder();
            String decode=new String(decoder.decodeBuffer(encode));
            System.out.println("decode: "+decode);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

bc实现主要是用Base64类的方法:

    public static void bouncybastleBase64(){
        byte[] encode = org.bouncycastle.util.encoders.Base64.encode(src.getBytes());
        System.out.println("encode: "+new String(encode));
        
        byte[] decode = org.bouncycastle.util.encoders.Base64.decode(encode);
        System.out.println("decode: "+new String(decode));
    }

cc实现也是用Base64类,不过与bc的是不一样的,不同包中的类,只是名字一样:

    public static void commonscodecBase64(){
        byte[] encode=Base64.encodeBase64(src.getBytes());
        System.out.println("encode: "+new String(encode));  //需要转化为String
        
        byte[] decode = Base64.decodeBase64(encode);
        System.out.println("decode: "+new String(decode));
    }

摘要算法

摘要算法主要分为MD,SHA和Hmac算法,摘要算法其实是用于效验数据完整性的,我们在下载某些文件时,会有MD5和SHA1值提供我们效验下载的文件是否完整,可以用于根据数据生成其唯一的摘要值,无法根据摘要值知道原数据,属于不可逆的

MD:

加密数据:

private static String src="Hello MD";

导入的类:

import java.security.MessageDigest;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;
import java.security.Provider;
import java.security.Security;

import org.apache.commons.codec.binary.Hex;
import org.apache.commons.codec.digest.DigestUtils;
import org.bouncycastle.crypto.Digest;
import org.bouncycastle.crypto.digests.MD2Digest;
import org.bouncycastle.crypto.digests.MD4Digest;
import org.bouncycastle.crypto.digests.MD5Digest;
import org.bouncycastle.jce.provider.BouncyCastleProvider;

JDK有MD2和MD5的实现,使用的是MessageDigest类,而没有MD4的实现:

    public static void jdkMD5(){
        try {
            MessageDigest md=MessageDigest.getInstance("MD5");
            byte[] digest = md.digest(src.getBytes());
            System.out.println("JDK MD5: "+Hex.encodeHexString(digest));           //使用的是cc中带的Hex需要转换为十六进制
        } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        
    }
    
    public static void jdkMD2(){
        try {
            MessageDigest md=MessageDigest.getInstance("MD2");
            byte[] digest = md.digest(src.getBytes());
            System.out.println("JDK MD2: "+Hex.encodeHexString(digest));   
        } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        
    }

而bc这三种都有,使用的是Digest 类:

public static void bcMD4(){
        //方式一
//        Digest digest=new MD4Digest();
//        digest.update(src.getBytes(), 0, src.getBytes().length);
//        byte[] md4Bytes=new byte[digest.getDigestSize()];
//        digest.doFinal(md4Bytes, 0);
//        System.out.println("BC MD4: "+org.bouncycastle.util.encoders.Hex.toHexString(md4Bytes));
        
        
      //方式二(通过添加provider的方式,将sun的改为bc的provider)
        try {
            Security.addProvider(new BouncyCastleProvider());  //通过添加provider的方式
            MessageDigest md=MessageDigest.getInstance("MD4");
            byte[] digest = md.digest(src.getBytes());
            System.out.println("BC MD4: "+Hex.encodeHexString(digest));
        } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
    
    public static void bcMD5(){
        Digest digest=new MD5Digest();
        digest.update(src.getBytes(), 0, src.getBytes().length);
        byte[] md4Bytes=new byte[digest.getDigestSize()];
        digest.doFinal(md4Bytes, 0);
        System.out.println("BC MD5: "+org.bouncycastle.util.encoders.Hex.toHexString(md4Bytes));
    }
    
    public static void bcMD2(){
        Digest digest=new MD2Digest();
        digest.update(src.getBytes(), 0, src.getBytes().length);
        byte[] md4Bytes=new byte[digest.getDigestSize()];
        digest.doFinal(md4Bytes, 0);
        System.out.println("BC MD2: "+org.bouncycastle.util.encoders.Hex.toHexString(md4Bytes));
    }

cc和JDK是一样的,毕竟是对JDK加密的简化,直接使用DigestUtils中的方法,很简单,而且前两种方法还需要将MD值转换为十六进制,cc直接就帮我们转了:

    public static void ccMD2(){        //有方法直接就可以转换十六进制
        System.out.println("CC MD2: "+DigestUtils.md2Hex(src.getBytes()));
    }
    
    public static void ccMd5(){
        System.out.println("CC MD5: "+DigestUtils.md5Hex(src.getBytes()));
    }

SHA:

这里只是使用SHA-1,其他类型类似

加密数据:

private static String src="Hello SHA";

要导入的类:

import java.security.MessageDigest;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;

import org.apache.commons.codec.binary.Hex;
import org.apache.commons.codec.digest.DigestUtils;
import org.bouncycastle.crypto.Digest;
import org.bouncycastle.crypto.digests.SHA1Digest;import sun.security.provider.SHA;

JDK实现方式(同样是使用MessageDigest):

    public static void jdkSHA1(){
        MessageDigest digest;
        try {
            digest = MessageDigest.getInstance("SHA");
            digest.update(src.getBytes());
            System.out.println("JDK SHA1: "+Hex.encodeHexString(digest.digest()));
        } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

bc的实现方式(同样是Digest 类):

    public static void mcSHA1(){
        Digest digest=new SHA1Digest();
        digest.update(src.getBytes(),0,src.getBytes().length);
        byte[] sha1Byte1=new byte[digest.getDigestSize()];
        digest.doFinal(sha1Byte1, 0);
        System.out.println("MC SHA1:"+org.bouncycastle.util.encoders.Hex.toHexString(sha1Byte1));
    }

cc的实现方式:

    public static void ccsha(){
        System.out.println("CC sha1:"+DigestUtils.sha1Hex(src));
    }

Hmac(含有密钥的摘要算法,也有简称mac,密钥不同摘要也不同):

要加密的数据:

private static String src="Hello HMAC";

要导入的类:

import javax.crypto.KeyGenerator;
import javax.crypto.Mac;
import javax.crypto.SecretKey;
import javax.crypto.spec.SecretKeySpec;

import org.apache.commons.codec.binary.Hex;
import org.bouncycastle.crypto.digests.MD5Digest;
import org.bouncycastle.crypto.macs.HMac;
import org.bouncycastle.crypto.params.KeyParameter;

JDK的实现方式:

    public static void jdkHmacMD5(){
        try {
            KeyGenerator keyGenerator=KeyGenerator.getInstance("HmacMD5");  //初始化KeyGenerator
            SecretKey secretKey=keyGenerator.generateKey(); //产生密钥
            //byte[] key=secretKey.getEncoded();     //获得密钥(默认生成)
            
            byte[] key=Hex.decodeHex(new char[]{'a','a','a','a','a','a','a','a','a','a'});  //手动生成密钥(十位)
            
            SecretKey secretKey2=new SecretKeySpec(key, "HmacMD5"); //还原密钥
            Mac mac=Mac.getInstance(secretKey2.getAlgorithm());  //实例化mac
            //初始化mac
            mac.init(secretKey2);
            byte[] hmacMD5Bytes=mac.doFinal(src.getBytes());
            System.out.println("jdk hmacMD5: "+Hex.encodeHexString(hmacMD5Bytes));
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } 
    }

bc的实现方式:

    public static void bcHmacMd5(){
        HMac hMac=new HMac(new MD5Digest());
        hMac.init(new KeyParameter(org.bouncycastle.util.encoders.Hex.decode("aaaaaaaaaa")));  //需要十位密钥
        hMac.update(src.getBytes(),0,src.getBytes().length);
        
        byte[] hmacMD5=new byte[hMac.getMacSize()];
        hMac.doFinal(hmacMD5, 0);
        System.out.println("bc hmacMD5: "+org.bouncycastle.util.encoders.Hex.toHexString(hmacMD5));

    }

对称加密算法

严格意义上的加密算法,分为对称和非对称加密算法,所谓对称是说发送方和接收方的密钥是一样的,而非对称我们后面再说。因为密钥一样所以安全性跟非对称比较来说就不太安全了

对称加密算法主要分为:DES , 3DES(3重DES) , AES(想要替代DES)  , PBE(基于口令的对称算法)

DES:

加密数据 :

private static String src="Hello DES";

导入的类:

import java.security.Security;

import javax.crypto.Cipher;
import javax.crypto.KeyGenerator;
import javax.crypto.SecretKey;
import javax.crypto.SecretKeyFactory;
import javax.crypto.spec.DESKeySpec;

import org.apache.commons.codec.binary.Hex;
import org.bouncycastle.jce.provider.BouncyCastleProvider;

JDK的实现方式:

    public static void jdkDES(){
        try {
            //生成key
            KeyGenerator keyGenerator=KeyGenerator.getInstance("DES");
            keyGenerator.init(56);      //指定key长度,同时也是密钥长度(56位)
            SecretKey secretKey = keyGenerator.generateKey(); //生成key的材料
            byte[] key = secretKey.getEncoded();  //生成key
            
            //key转换成密钥
            DESKeySpec desKeySpec=new DESKeySpec(key);
            SecretKeyFactory factory=SecretKeyFactory.getInstance("DES");
            SecretKey key2 = factory.generateSecret(desKeySpec);      //转换后的密钥
            
            //加密
            Cipher cipher=Cipher.getInstance("DES/ECB/PKCS5Padding");  //算法类型/工作方式/填充方式
            cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, key2);   //指定为加密模式
            byte[] result=cipher.doFinal(src.getBytes());
            System.out.println("jdkDES加密: "+Hex.encodeHexString(result));  //转换为十六进制
            
            //解密
            cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE,key2);  //相同密钥,指定为解密模式
            result = cipher.doFinal(result);   //根据加密内容解密
            System.out.println("jdkDES解密: "+new String(result));  //转换字符串
            
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

bc的实现方式,为了和JDK的实现方式一致(不想记太多类),采用了添加provider的方式 :

public static void bcDES(){
        try {
            //通过改变provider的方式
            Security.addProvider(new BouncyCastleProvider());
            
            //生成key,使用bc需要在后面指定"BC"
            KeyGenerator keyGenerator=KeyGenerator.getInstance("DES","BC");
            
            keyGenerator.getProvider();
            
            keyGenerator.init(56);      //指定key长度,同时也是密钥长度
            SecretKey secretKey = keyGenerator.generateKey(); //生成key的材料
            byte[] key = secretKey.getEncoded();  //生成key
            
            //key转换成密钥
            DESKeySpec desKeySpec=new DESKeySpec(key);
            SecretKeyFactory factory=SecretKeyFactory.getInstance("DES");
            SecretKey key2 = factory.generateSecret(desKeySpec);      //转换后的密钥
            
            //加密
            Cipher cipher=Cipher.getInstance("DES/ECB/PKCS5Padding");  //算法类型/工作方式/填充方式
            cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, key2);
            byte[] result=cipher.doFinal(src.getBytes());
            System.out.println("bcDES加密: "+Hex.encodeHexString(result));  //转换为十六进制
            
            //解密
            cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE,key2);  //相同密钥
            result = cipher.doFinal(result);   //根据加密内容解密
            System.out.println("bcDES解密: "+new String(result));  //转换字符串
            
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

就是记得添加bc的provider,和KeyGenerator.getInstance的参数("DES","BC")

3DES(使用DESede作为标识):

要加密的数据:

private static String src="Hello 3DES";

导入的类:

import java.security.SecureRandom;
import java.security.Security;

import javax.crypto.Cipher;
import javax.crypto.KeyGenerator;
import javax.crypto.SecretKey;
import javax.crypto.SecretKeyFactory;
import javax.crypto.spec.DESedeKeySpec;

import org.apache.commons.codec.binary.Hex;
import org.bouncycastle.jce.provider.BouncyCastleProvider;

JDK的实现方法:

    public static void jdkDES(){
        try {
            //生成key
            KeyGenerator keyGenerator=KeyGenerator.getInstance("DESede");
            //keyGenerator.init(112);      //3DES需要112 or 168位
            keyGenerator.init(new SecureRandom());   //或者使用这种方式默认长度,无需指定长度
            SecretKey secretKey = keyGenerator.generateKey(); //生成key的材料
            byte[] key = secretKey.getEncoded();  //生成key
            
            //key转换成密钥
            DESedeKeySpec desKeySpec=new DESedeKeySpec(key);
            SecretKeyFactory factory=SecretKeyFactory.getInstance("DESede");
            SecretKey key2 = factory.generateSecret(desKeySpec);      //转换后的密钥
            
            //加密
            Cipher cipher=Cipher.getInstance("DESede/ECB/PKCS5Padding");  //算法类型/工作方式/填充方式
            cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, key2);   //指定为加密模式
            byte[] result=cipher.doFinal(src.getBytes());
            System.out.println("jdk3DES加密: "+Hex.encodeHexString(result));  //转换为十六进制
            
            //解密
            cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE,key2);  //相同密钥,指定为解密模式
            result = cipher.doFinal(result);   //根据加密内容解密
            System.out.println("jdk3DES解密: "+new String(result));  //转换字符串
            
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

bc的实现方式:

public static void bcDES(){
        try {
            //通过改变provider的方式,其他操作一样
            Security.addProvider(new BouncyCastleProvider());
            
            //生成key
            KeyGenerator keyGenerator=KeyGenerator.getInstance("DESede");
            keyGenerator.init(new SecureRandom());
            SecretKey secretKey = keyGenerator.generateKey(); //生成key的材料
            byte[] key = secretKey.getEncoded();  //生成key
            
            //key转换成密钥
            DESedeKeySpec desKeySpec=new DESedeKeySpec(key);
            SecretKeyFactory factory=SecretKeyFactory.getInstance("DESede");
            SecretKey key2 = factory.generateSecret(desKeySpec);      //转换后的密钥
            
            //加密
            Cipher cipher=Cipher.getInstance("DESede/ECB/PKCS5Padding");  //算法类型/工作方式/填充方式
            cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, key2);   //指定为加密模式
            byte[] result=cipher.doFinal(src.getBytes());
            System.out.println("jdk3DES加密: "+Hex.encodeHexString(result));  //转换为十六进制
            
            //解密
            cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE,key2);  //相同密钥,指定为解密模式
            result = cipher.doFinal(result);   //根据加密内容解密
            System.out.println("jdk3DES解密: "+new String(result));  //转换字符串
            
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

AES:

 

基本实现和DES类似,只不过在实现该算法的时候,设置密钥长度大于128会出现错误:Illegal key size or default parameters,这是因为美国的出口限制,Sun通过权限文件(local_policy.jar、US_export_policy.jar)做了相应限制,Oracle在其官方网站上提供了无政策限制权限文件(Unlimited Strength Jurisdiction Policy Files),我们只需要将其部署在JRE环境中,就可以解决限制问题

JDK8的无政策限制权限文件(http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/jce8-download-2133166.html)

将下载的local_policy.jar和US_export_policy.jar替换JDK的JRE环境中,或者是JRE环境中上述两个jar文件即可

非对称的ELGamal加密算法算法也有该问题,解决方法相同

加密的数据:

private static String src="Hello AES";

导入的类:

import java.security.Key;
import java.security.SecureRandom;
import java.security.Security;
import javax.crypto.Cipher;
import javax.crypto.KeyGenerator;
import javax.crypto.SecretKey;
import javax.crypto.spec.SecretKeySpec;
import org.apache.commons.codec.binary.Hex;
import org.bouncycastle.jce.provider.BouncyCastleProvider;

JDK的实现:

public static void jdkAES(){
        try {
            //生成key
            KeyGenerator keyGenerator=KeyGenerator.getInstance("AES");
            keyGenerator.init(new SecureRandom());
            SecretKey secretKey = keyGenerator.generateKey();
            byte[] key1 = secretKey.getEncoded();
            
            //key转换为密钥
            Key key2 = new SecretKeySpec(key1, "AES");
            
            //加密
            Cipher cipher=Cipher.getInstance("AES/ECB/PKCS5padding");
            cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, key2);
            byte[] result = cipher.doFinal(src.getBytes());
            System.out.println("jdkAES加密: "+Hex.encodeHexString(result));  //转换为十六进制
            
            //解密
            cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, key2);
            result = cipher.doFinal(result);
            System.out.println("jdkAES解密: "+new String(result));  //转换字符串
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

bc的实现(同样使用了添加provider的做法):

public static void bcAES(){
        try {
            Security.addProvider(new BouncyCastleProvider());
            
            //生成key
            KeyGenerator keyGenerator=KeyGenerator.getInstance("AES", "BC");
            keyGenerator.getProvider();
            keyGenerator.init(128);      //显示指定密钥长度
            SecretKey secretKey = keyGenerator.generateKey();
            byte[] key1 = secretKey.getEncoded();
            
            //key转换为密钥
            Key key2 = new SecretKeySpec(key1, "AES");
            
            //加密
            Cipher cipher=Cipher.getInstance("AES/ECB/PKCS5padding");
            cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, key2);
            byte[] result = cipher.doFinal(src.getBytes());
            System.out.println("jdkAES加密: "+Hex.encodeHexString(result));  //转换为十六进制
            
            //解密
            cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, key2);
            result = cipher.doFinal(result);
            System.out.println("jdkAES解密: "+new String(result));  //转换字符串
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

PBE:

基于口令的对称加密算法(它其实是对之前的算法的包装,比如说MD5和DES,我这里就是的是对MD5和DES包装的PBE算法,还有其他类型的PBE),口令就是我们俗话说的密码,PBE中有一个salt(盐)的概念,盐就是干扰码

加密的数据:

private static String src="Hello PBE";

导入的类:

import java.security.Key;
import java.security.SecureRandom;

import javax.crypto.Cipher;
import javax.crypto.SecretKeyFactory;
import javax.crypto.spec.PBEKeySpec;
import javax.crypto.spec.PBEParameterSpec;
import org.apache.commons.codec.binary.Base64;

JDk的实现:

public static void jdkPBE(){
        try {
            //初始化盐
            SecureRandom random=new SecureRandom();
            byte[] salt = random.generateSeed(8);   //指定为8位的盐 (盐就是干扰码,通过添加干扰码增加安全)
            
            //口令和密钥
            String password="lynu";              //口令
            PBEKeySpec pbeKeySpec=new PBEKeySpec(password.toCharArray());
            SecretKeyFactory factory=SecretKeyFactory.getInstance("PBEWITHMD5andDES");
            Key key=factory.generateSecret(pbeKeySpec);  //密钥
            
            //加密
            PBEParameterSpec pbeParameterSpec=new PBEParameterSpec(salt, 100);   //参数规范,第一个参数是盐,第二个是迭代次数(经过散列函数多次迭代)
            Cipher cipher=Cipher.getInstance("PBEWITHMD5andDES");
            cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, key,pbeParameterSpec);
            byte[] result = cipher.doFinal(src.getBytes());
            System.out.println("jdk PBE加密: "+Base64.encodeBase64String(result));
            
            
            //解密
            cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, key,pbeParameterSpec);
            result = cipher.doFinal(result);
            System.out.println("jdk PBE解密: "+new String(result));
            
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        
    }

非对称的算法:

非对称算法就是发送方和接收方的密钥是不一样的,非对称相对于对称来说,有公钥和私钥的概念,基本上公钥是公开的,比如会在网络上传输,而私钥安全性要求就要高很多了,因为私钥是要保密的

基本的非对称算法有DH,RSA,ELGamal算法

DH:

基于交换交换的非对称算法,接收方需要得到接收方的key构建本地密钥,而接收方也需要得到发送方的key构建自己本地的密钥。只有JDK的实现

需要加密的数据:

private static String src="Hello DH";

需要导入的类:

import java.security.KeyFactory;
import java.security.KeyPair;
import java.security.KeyPairGenerator;
import java.security.PrivateKey;
import java.security.PublicKey;
import java.security.spec.X509EncodedKeySpec;
import java.util.Objects;
import javax.crypto.Cipher;
import javax.crypto.KeyAgreement;
import javax.crypto.SecretKey;
import javax.crypto.interfaces.DHPublicKey;
import javax.crypto.spec.DHParameterSpec;

JDK的实现:

    public static void jdkDH(){
        try {
            //初始化发送方密钥
            KeyPairGenerator senderKeyPairGenerator=KeyPairGenerator.getInstance("DH");
            senderKeyPairGenerator.initialize(512);   //密钥长度
            KeyPair senderKeyPair = senderKeyPairGenerator.generateKeyPair();
            byte[] senderPublicKeyEnc = senderKeyPair.getPublic().getEncoded();  //发送方key,需传递给接收方(网络,文件)
            
            //初始化接收方密钥
            KeyFactory factory=KeyFactory.getInstance("DH");
            X509EncodedKeySpec x509EncodedKeySpec=new X509EncodedKeySpec(senderPublicKeyEnc);  //根据从发送方得到的key解析
            PublicKey receiverPublicKey=factory.generatePublic(x509EncodedKeySpec);
            DHParameterSpec dhParameterSpec=((DHPublicKey)receiverPublicKey).getParams();
            KeyPairGenerator receiverKeyPairGenerator=KeyPairGenerator.getInstance("DH");
            receiverKeyPairGenerator.initialize(dhParameterSpec);
            KeyPair receiverKeyPair = receiverKeyPairGenerator.generateKeyPair();
            PrivateKey receiverPrivateKey = receiverKeyPair.getPrivate();
            byte[] receiverPublicKeyEnc = receiverKeyPair.getPublic().getEncoded();
            
            //密钥构建
            KeyAgreement receiverKeyAgreement=KeyAgreement.getInstance("DH");
            receiverKeyAgreement.init(receiverPrivateKey);
            receiverKeyAgreement.doPhase(receiverPublicKey, true);
            SecretKey receiverDESKey=receiverKeyAgreement.generateSecret("DES");  //发送发密钥(公钥)
            KeyFactory senderKeyFactory=KeyFactory.getInstance("DH");
            x509EncodedKeySpec=new X509EncodedKeySpec(receiverPublicKeyEnc);
            PublicKey senderPublicKey=senderKeyFactory.generatePublic(x509EncodedKeySpec);
            KeyAgreement senderKeyAgreement=KeyAgreement.getInstance("DH");
            senderKeyAgreement.init(senderKeyPair.getPrivate());
            senderKeyAgreement.doPhase(senderPublicKey, true);
            SecretKey senderDESKey=senderKeyAgreement.generateSecret("DES");        //接收方密钥(私钥)
            if(Objects.equals(receiverDESKey, senderDESKey)){
                System.out.println("双方密钥相同");
            }
            //加密
            Cipher cipher=Cipher.getInstance("DES");
            cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, senderDESKey);
            byte[] result = cipher.doFinal(src.getBytes());
            System.out.println("jdk DH加密: "+org.apache.commons.codec.binary.Base64.encodeBase64String(result));
            
            //解密            
            cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, receiverDESKey);
            result=cipher.doFinal(result);
            System.out.println("jdk DH解密: "+new String(result));
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

    }

RSA:

RSA相较于DH算法的实现简单,适用范围较广,公钥和私钥的创建较简单,而且支持公钥加密,私钥解密或者是私钥加密,公钥解密两种方式

要加密的数据:

private static String src="Hello RSA";

要导入的类:

import java.security.KeyFactory;
import java.security.KeyPair;
import java.security.KeyPairGenerator;
import java.security.PrivateKey;
import java.security.PublicKey;
import java.security.interfaces.RSAPrivateKey;
import java.security.interfaces.RSAPublicKey;
import java.security.spec.PKCS8EncodedKeySpec;
import java.security.spec.X509EncodedKeySpec;
import javax.crypto.Cipher;
import org.apache.commons.codec.binary.Base64;

JDK的实现,公钥加密,私钥解密和私钥加密,公钥解密两种方式:

public static void jdkRSA(){
        try {
            KeyPairGenerator keyPairGenerator = KeyPairGenerator.getInstance("RSA");
            keyPairGenerator.initialize(512);
            KeyPair keyPair = keyPairGenerator.generateKeyPair();
            RSAPublicKey rsaPublicKey=(RSAPublicKey) keyPair.getPublic();           //公钥
            RSAPrivateKey rsaPrivateKey=(RSAPrivateKey) keyPair.getPrivate();       //私钥
            System.out.println("public key:"+Base64.encodeBase64String(rsaPublicKey.getEncoded()));
            System.out.println("private key:"+Base64.encodeBase64String(rsaPrivateKey.getEncoded()));
            
            //私钥加密,公钥解密--加密
            PKCS8EncodedKeySpec pkcs8EncodedKeySpec=new PKCS8EncodedKeySpec(rsaPrivateKey.getEncoded());
            KeyFactory keyFactory=KeyFactory.getInstance("RSA");
            PrivateKey privateKey = keyFactory.generatePrivate(pkcs8EncodedKeySpec);
            Cipher cipher=Cipher.getInstance("RSA");
            cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, privateKey);
            byte[] result = cipher.doFinal(src.getBytes());
            System.out.println("RSA私钥加密,公钥解密--加密:"+Base64.encodeBase64String(result));
            
            //私钥加密,公钥解密--解密
            X509EncodedKeySpec x509EncodedKeySpec=new X509EncodedKeySpec(rsaPublicKey.getEncoded());
            keyFactory=KeyFactory.getInstance("RSA");
            PublicKey publicKey=keyFactory.generatePublic(x509EncodedKeySpec);
            cipher=Cipher.getInstance("RSA");
            cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE,publicKey);
            result = cipher.doFinal(result);
            System.out.println("RSA私钥加密,公钥解密--解密:"+new String(result));
            
            //公钥加密,私钥解密--加密
            x509EncodedKeySpec=new X509EncodedKeySpec(rsaPublicKey.getEncoded());
            keyFactory=KeyFactory.getInstance("RSA");
            publicKey=keyFactory.generatePublic(x509EncodedKeySpec);
            cipher=Cipher.getInstance("RSA");
            cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE,publicKey);
            result = cipher.doFinal(src.getBytes());
            System.out.println("RSA公钥加密,私钥解密--加密:"+Base64.encodeBase64String(result));
            
            //公钥加密,私钥解密--解密
            pkcs8EncodedKeySpec=new PKCS8EncodedKeySpec(rsaPrivateKey.getEncoded());
            keyFactory=KeyFactory.getInstance("RSA");
            privateKey =keyFactory.generatePrivate(pkcs8EncodedKeySpec);
            cipher=Cipher.getInstance("RSA");
            cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE,privateKey);
            result=cipher.doFinal(result);
            System.out.println("RSA公钥加密,私钥解密--解密:"+new String(result));
            
            
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

ELGamal:

ELGamal算法的和AES一样存在密钥长度的限制,解决方法和AES一致。不过ELGamal只支持公钥加密,私钥解密这种方式。只有bc的实现方式

要加密的数据:

private static String src="Hello ELGamal";

导入的类:

import java.security.AlgorithmParameterGenerator;
import java.security.AlgorithmParameters;
import java.security.KeyFactory;
import java.security.KeyPair;
import java.security.KeyPairGenerator;
import java.security.PrivateKey;
import java.security.PublicKey;
import java.security.SecureRandom;
import java.security.Security;
import java.security.spec.PKCS8EncodedKeySpec;
import java.security.spec.X509EncodedKeySpec;
import javax.crypto.Cipher;
import javax.crypto.spec.DHParameterSpec;
import org.apache.commons.codec.binary.Base64;
import org.bouncycastle.jce.provider.BouncyCastleProvider;

bc的实现方式:

public static void bcELGamal(){
        try {
            //加载provider
            Security.addProvider(new BouncyCastleProvider());
            
            //初始化密钥
            AlgorithmParameterGenerator algorithmParameterGenerator=AlgorithmParameterGenerator.getInstance("ELGamal");
            algorithmParameterGenerator.init(256);
            AlgorithmParameters algorithmParameters=algorithmParameterGenerator.generateParameters();
            DHParameterSpec dhParameterSpec=(DHParameterSpec)algorithmParameters.getParameterSpec(DHParameterSpec.class);
            KeyPairGenerator keyPairGenerator=KeyPairGenerator.getInstance("ELGamal");
            keyPairGenerator.initialize(dhParameterSpec, new SecureRandom());
            KeyPair keyPair=keyPairGenerator.generateKeyPair();
            PublicKey elGamalPublicKey=keyPair.getPublic();        //公钥
            PrivateKey elGamalPrivateKey=keyPair.getPrivate();     //私钥
            System.out.println("public key:"+Base64.encodeBase64String(elGamalPublicKey.getEncoded()));
            System.out.println("private key:"+Base64.encodeBase64String(elGamalPrivateKey.getEncoded()));
            
            //公钥加密,私钥解密--加密
            X509EncodedKeySpec x509EncodedKeySpec=new X509EncodedKeySpec(elGamalPublicKey.getEncoded());
            KeyFactory keyFactory=KeyFactory.getInstance("ELGamal");
            PublicKey publicKey=keyFactory.generatePublic(x509EncodedKeySpec);
            Cipher cipher=Cipher.getInstance("ELGamal");
            cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE,publicKey);
            byte[] result = cipher.doFinal(src.getBytes());
            System.out.println("ELGamal加密:"+Base64.encodeBase64String(result));
            
            //公钥加密,私钥解密--解密
            PKCS8EncodedKeySpec pkcs8EncodedKeySpec=new PKCS8EncodedKeySpec(elGamalPrivateKey.getEncoded());
            keyFactory=KeyFactory.getInstance("ELGamal");
            PrivateKey privateKey =keyFactory.generatePrivate(pkcs8EncodedKeySpec);
            cipher=Cipher.getInstance("ELGamal");
            cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE,privateKey);
            result=cipher.doFinal(result);
            System.out.println("ElGamal解密:"+new String(result));
            
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        
    }

 

    原文作者:OverZeal
    原文地址: https://www.cnblogs.com/lz2017/p/6917049.html
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