Anaconda 安装与卸载

2021年9月9日 14点热度 0条评论 来源: Librarookie

Anaconda是一个免费开源的Python和R语言的发行版本,用于计算科学(数据科学、机器学习、大数据处理和预测分析),Anaconda致力于简化软件包管理系统和部署。Anaconda的包使用软件包管理系统Conda进行管理。超过1200万人使用Anaconda发行版本,并且Anaconda拥有超过1400个适用于Windows、Linux和MacOS的数据科学软件包。 -wikipedia

安装

  • 下载

  • 安装(Linux)

    • 授权并执行

      # 给下载的sh文件执行权限
      chmod a+x Anaconda3-2021.05-Linux-x86_64.sh
      # 执行安装文件
      ./Anaconda3-2021.05-Linux-x86_64.sh
      
    • 安装输出日志

      Welcome to Anaconda3 2021.05
      
      In order to continue the installation process, please review the license
      agreement.
      Please, press ENTER to continue
      >>>     按回车键(ENTER)继续
      ===================================
      End User License Agreement - Anaconda Individual Edition
      ===================================
      
      Copyright 2015-2021, Anaconda, Inc.
      
      All rights reserved under the 3-clause BSD License:
      ...
      ... license日志
      ...
      
      
      The following packages listed on https://www.anaconda.com/cryptography are inclu
      ded in the repository accessible through Anaconda Individual Edition that relate
      to cryptography.
      
      Last updated April 5, 2021
      
      Do you accept the license terms? [yes|no]
      [no] >>>   yes (yes接受继续,no拒绝退出安装)
      
      Anaconda3 will now be installed into this location:
      /home/noname/anaconda3
      
      - Press ENTER to confirm the location
      - Press CTRL-C to abort the installation
      - Or specify a different location below
      
      [/home/noname/anaconda3] >>> /usr/envs/anaconda3  (此处可自定义安装路径,不填则为默认路径,一般在用户根目录)
      PREFIX=/usr/envs/anaconda3
      Unpacking payload ...
      Collecting package metadata (current_repodata.json): done                       
      Solving environment: done
      
      ## Package Plan ##
      
      environment location: /usr/envs/anaconda3
      
      added / updated specs:
          - _ipyw_jlab_nb_ext_conf==0.1.0=py38_0
          - _libgcc_mutex==0.1=main
          - alabaster==0.7.12=pyhd3eb1b0_0
      ...
      ... anaconda基础环境包安装日志
      ...
      
      
      Preparing transaction: done
      Executing transaction: done
      installation finished.
      Do you wish the installer to initialize Anaconda3
      by running conda init? [yes|no]
      [no] >>> yes (是否初始化)
      no change     /usr/envs/anaconda3/condabin/conda
      no change     /usr/envs/anaconda3/bin/conda
      no change     /usr/envs/anaconda3/bin/conda-env
      no change     /usr/envs/anaconda3/bin/activate
      no change     /usr/envs/anaconda3/bin/deactivate
      no change     /usr/envs/anaconda3/etc/profile.d/conda.sh
      no change     /usr/envs/anaconda3/etc/fish/conf.d/conda.fish
      no change     /usr/envs/anaconda3/shell/condabin/Conda.psm1
      no change     /usr/envs/anaconda3/shell/condabin/conda-hook.ps1
      no change     /usr/envs/anaconda3/lib/python3.8/site-packages/xontrib/conda.xsh
      no change     /usr/envs/anaconda3/etc/profile.d/conda.csh
      modified      /home/noname/.bashrc
      
      ==> For changes to take effect, close and re-open your current shell. <==
      
      If you'd prefer that conda's base environment not be activated on startup, 
      set the auto_activate_base parameter to false: 
      
      conda config --set auto_activate_base false
      
      Thank you for installing Anaconda3!
      
      ===========================================================================
      
      Working with Python and Jupyter notebooks is a breeze with PyCharm Pro,
      designed to be used with Anaconda. Download now and have the best data
      tools at your fingertips.
      
      PyCharm Pro for Anaconda is available at: https://www.anaconda.com/pycharm
      
      
  • 配置

    • 初始化[1] Anaconda(安装时初始化了则跳过)

      # 如果如果anaconda安装初始化时,选择的no,那现在应该还用不了conda命令
      # 执行 source $ANACONDA_HOME/bin/activate, 如:
      source /usr/envs/anaconda3/bin/activate
      # 初始化
      conda init
      
    • 关闭启动时激活Conda基础环境(可选)

      # 如果您不希望在启动时激活Conda基础环境,将AUTO_ACTIVATE_BASE参数设置为FALSE:
      conda config --set auto_activate_base false
      

卸载

  • 删除Anaconda 文件夹

    # rm -rf $ANACONDA_HOME,如:
    rm -rf /usr/envs/anaconda3
    
  • 删除Anaconda 配置

    # 打开配置文件
      vim ~/.bashrc
    
    # 删除下面这段配置
    
    # >>> conda initialize >>>
    # !! Contents within this block are managed by 'conda init' !!
    __conda_setup="$('/usr/envs/anaconda3/bin/conda' 'shell.bash' 'hook' 2> /dev/null)"
    if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then
        eval "$__conda_setup"
    else
        if [ -f "/usr/envs/anaconda3/etc/profile.d/conda.sh" ]; then
            . "/usr/envs/anaconda3/etc/profile.d/conda.sh"
        else
            export PATH="/usr/envs/anaconda3/bin:$PATH"
        fi
    fi
    unset __conda_setup
    # <<< conda initialize <<<
    
  • 更新配置文件

    source ~/.bashrc
    或者 source /etc/profile
    

Reference

  1. Linux安装anaconda3是否初始化的区别 ↩︎

    原文作者:Librarookie
    原文地址: https://www.cnblogs.com/cure/p/15239407.html
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